多言語で読む「原爆文学」 － 原民喜・峠三吉・栗原貞子の作品と関連の評論 ―
以上の研究は、公益財団法人ヒロシマ平和創造基金「ヒロシマピースグラント2015」と、公益財団法人 庭野平和財団 2015年後期（15-A-352）の助成を受けたものである。
In March 2005 an essayist，poet and peace activist，Kurihara Sadako died at the age of 92. Her friends tried hurriedly to publish a Complete Compilation of her poetry while she was tenninally ill，but she died before its completion. It was published in July 2005. However，her essays remain to be organized and published. She started writing tanka and poems in the 1930ties. Under the influence of her husband，Tadaichi，she was involved in an anarchist movement. Many of these early works were published after the war in her first compilation Kuroi tamago (1946). After the second compilation，Watashi-wa Hiroshima-o shougen suru (1967)，she returned to writing poetry，and continued until 2000. She also wrote essays. Her first volume appeared in 1970，and she continued writing up to the mid-nineties，but they have never been compiled. One might question why she was a minor poet and essayist being published occasionally only in local newspapers and rather unknown in literary circles in Japan. Kurihara was a keen observer and a political cornmentator of her times. The day after the A-bomb attack she hurried to help others. That day changed her life. She was not popular among politicians，because she openly criticized the Japanese government for not revealing the whole truth about the war. In the recently famous poem Hiroshima to iu toki，written in 1972，she saw Japan as a victimizer of Asian countries. She also cornmented on later events such as the Vietnam Wae，Tiananmen Square，American-Japanese politics and sending Japanese troops to Iraq in 1992. She has also become famous as the author of the poem Umashimenka na (1945) which has been translated into several languages. Some of her other poems and essays have been translated into English，but have yet to gain wide recognition. In my paper I intend to discuss the trnsformation of Kurihara's works from her first interests in peace before the war，through her sad experience in Hiroshima and her involvement in peace activism. I will extend the materials already published in English by adding ones unpublished and revealed lately by her daughter，Mariko.
In this article I intend to discuss the prewar life and literary activity of one of the most famous writers of atomic-bomb literature, Hara Tamiki. Unlike such famous writers as Oe Kenzaburo and Ibuse Masuji, who wrote about the atomic tragedy in Hiroshima, despite not having experienced it, Tamiki became famous worldwide due to one short novel, Summer Flowers, which was published by 1946, and which was based on his own experience. The novel was a complete account of a reality that surpassed anybody's imagination. However, Tamiki actually wrote some similar fictional stories before the Second World War, being in some way a prophet of the coming war. His characters are often put in extreme situations, facing death or incurable sickness, searching for the real meaning of life and death. The anxiety of human existence was the main theme of his prewar writings. Also, we can deduce from his works how influential his beloved older sister, Tsuru, was. She was a Christian. Tamiki himself never became a Christian believer, but her existence is perceptible in his works. I shall analyse a few of his writings in which we can find all the elements mentioned above. These include Flames (Hono), Christ (Kirisuto), and Prairie (Koya).